From the perspective of emotional history, how to understand the radical evolution of the French Revolution?
作者:179 发布日期:2020-08-05
Xu Yuedong

original author | William Reddy

% 26nbsp; why did the French Revolution evolve into fierce radicalism? This topic has always troubled many generations of scholars. In recent years, the interpretation and Research on the radicalization of the French Revolution have been numerous. Many scholars left from the perspective of class struggle, culture and post structuralism, and gained a lot. William Reddy, a pioneer in the study of emotional history and a scholar of cultural anthropology, started from the perspective of emotional history to study the transition and significance of people's emotional expression in the Enlightenment era and the French Revolution.

William Reddy found that the sentimentalism which was adopted before the French Revolution in the period of Enlightenment was the central factor that led to the radical evolution of the French Revolution. The great influence of sentimentalism made people moralize the sincerity of feelings at that time. Therefore, there is no conflict between ego value and holism value. As long as individuals obey the call of innate moral sense, innate moral sense will ensure the victory of the whole. If not, the main thing is to ask people to look at their own nature again. If one identifies the natural source of this emotion, then the person who criticizes prejudice lacks a sense of morality. Therefore, the radical approach of Jacobins did not come out of thin air, but just the expression of the thinking confidence of sentimentalists. The introduction of the study of emotional history makes the academic circles rethink some fixed methods of historical study of the French Revolution. We can also see the main features and characteristics of the study of emotional history from this case study. The following is authorized by the publishing house and selected from Chapter 6 of the guide to emotional research.




% 26nbsp; sentimentalism was the central factor in the radical evolution of the French Revolution


In 1780, Jeanne Marie phillipon, the youngest daughter of the sculptor, married Jean Marie Roland, a Yuru manufacturing inspector, in 1780. As we can see in the last chapter, the two of them spent their love and marriage as if they were the characters in some sentimental novel. Nine years later, when the great revolution broke out, Mrs. Roland was more active and resourceful than her foreign son in participating in the development of a new political world. She wrote for Jacques Pierre brisso's successful newspaper, the French favourite. She urged the foreign son to participate in political activities, and gave the main suggestions on the formation of his consciousness and the choice of allies. On January 15, 1793, when Roland resigned as Minister of the interior, he made a speech at the national assembly, strongly defending his own management and calling for a complete reorganization of the authorities. As the national assembly was busy trying Louis XVI at that time, his arguments were ignored. The manuscript of the speech survived and later proved to be his wife's. The Roland and devoted themselves to the warm Gironde, who denounced the execution of the king. Soon after, the king was found guilty and people asked to materialize it. On January 21, the king went to the guillotine. Over the next few months, the discord between Gironde and his main rival, the newly rising Jacobin faction, intensified. Partisan fighting has spread to major provinces and, in some cases, public violence has erupted. For months in a row of troubles, the Rolands were very low-key. However, on 31 May 1793, when the Paris Commune and the national guard finally expelled Gironde from the national assembly, Roland was arrested for unknown reasons. When she was in hiding, Mrs. Roland jumped into a hired carriage and ran to the national assembly in a hurry to report the crime.


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when she arrived at duilery palace, she found that the national assembly was guarded by guards and the gate was closed. She tried to pass on the news to the host officials so that they could read it from the floor, but she failed. She finds the receptionist of the alias consciousness and persuades him to call on Pierre% 26nbsp; victurnien vergniaud

and asks him to come out and talk to herself. In the face of WINIO's secure online lottery platform, she met her expectation of giving a speech to the national assembly. \

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